Scavenger receptor class B member 1; Isoform 4 of Scavenger receptor class B member 1;Isoform 1 of Scavenger receptor class B member 1

Receptor for different ligands such as phospholipids, cholesterol ester, lipoproteins, phosphatidylserine and apoptotic cells (PubMed:12016218, PubMed:12519372, PubMed:21226579). Receptor for HDL, mediating selective uptake of cholesteryl ether and HDL-dependent cholesterol efflux (PubMed:26965621). Also facilitates the flux of free and esterified cholesterol between the cell surface and apoB-containing lipoproteins and modified lipoproteins, although less efficiently than HDL. May be involved in the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, via its phosphatidylserine binding activity (PubMed:12016218). ; (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for hepatitis C virus in hepatocytes and appears to facilitate its cell entry (PubMed:12356718, PubMed:12913001, PubMed:18000990). Binding between SCARB1 and the hepatitis C virus glycoprotein E2 is independent of the genotype of the viral isolate (PubMed:12356718). ; (Microbial infection) Mediates uptake of M.fortuitum, E.coli and S.aureus. ; (Microbial infection) Facilitates the entry of human coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 by acting as an entry cofactor through HDL binding.

Matrix Type

  • Plasma
  • Tissue/Cells

Gene Symbol

  • SCARB1

UniProt ID

  • Q8WTV0
  • Q8WTV0-2

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