Mediates the import of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) into the cell by facilitating their transport across cell membranes, playing an important role in hepatic fatty acid uptake (PubMed:10198260, PubMed:10749848, PubMed:11980911, PubMed:20530735, PubMed:22022213, PubMed:24269233). Also functions as an acyl-CoA ligase catalyzing the ATP-dependent formation of fatty acyl-CoA using LCFA and very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) as substrates, which prevents fatty acid efflux from cells and might drive more fatty acid uptake (PubMed:10198260, PubMed:10749848, PubMed:11980911, PubMed:20530735, PubMed:22022213, PubMed:24269233). Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LCFA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis (PubMed:20530735). Can also activate branched-chain fatty acids such as phytanic acid and pristanic acid (PubMed:10198260). May contribute to the synthesis of sphingosine-1-phosphate (PubMed:24269233). Does not activate C24 bile acids, cholate and chenodeoxycholate (PubMed:11980911). In vitro, activates 3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanate (THCA), the C27 precursor of cholic acid deriving from the de novo synthesis from cholesterol (PubMed:11980911). However, it is not critical for THCA activation and bile synthesis in vivo (PubMed:20530735). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10198260, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10749848, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11980911, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20530735, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22022213, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24269233}.; [Isoform 1]: Exhibits both long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) transport activity and acyl CoA synthetase towards very long-chain fatty acids (PubMed:10198260, PubMed:21768100). Shows a preference for generating CoA derivatives of n-3 fatty acids, which are preferentially trafficked into phosphatidylinositol (PubMed:21768100). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10198260, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21768100}.; [Isoform 2]: Exhibits long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) transport activity but lacks acyl CoA synthetase towards very long-chain fatty acids. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21768100}.

Matrix Type

  • Tissue/Cells

Gene Symbol

  • SLC27A2

UniProt ID

  • O14975
Off-the-shelf

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