[High affinity copper uptake protein 1]: Uniporter that mediates the transport of copper(1+) from the extracellular space to the cytoplasm, across the plasma membrane (PubMed:11734551, PubMed:16135512, PubMed:17525160, PubMed:19740744, PubMed:20451502, PubMed:20569931, PubMed:23658018) and delivers directly copper(1+) to specific chaperone such as ATOX1, via a copper(1+)- mediated transient interaction between the C-terminal domain and a copper(1+) chaperone, thus controlling intracellular copper(1+) levels (PubMed:11734551, PubMed:16135512, PubMed:17525160, PubMed:19740744, PubMed:20451502, PubMed:20569931, PubMed:23658018, PubMed:26745413). May function in copper(1+) import from the apical membrane thus may drive intestinal copper absorption (By similarity). The copper(1+) transport mechanism is sodium-independent, saturable and of high-affinity (PubMed:11734551). Also mediates the uptake of silver(1+) (PubMed:20569931). May function in the influx of the platinum-containing chemotherapeutic agents (PubMed:20451502, PubMed:20569931). The platinum-containing chemotherapeutic agents uptake is saturable (By similarity). In vitro, mediates the transport of cadmium(2+) into cells (PubMed:33294387). Also participates in the first step of copper(2+) acquisition by cells through a direct transfer of copper(2+) from copper(2+) carriers in blood, such as ALB to the N-terminal domain of SLC31A1, leading to copper(2+) reduction and probably followed by copper(1+) stabilization (PubMed:30489586). In addition, functions as a redox sensor to promote angiogenesis in endothelial cells, in a copper(1+) transport independent manner, by transmitting the VEGF-induced ROS signal through a sulfenylation at Cys-189 leadin g to a subsequent disulfide bond formation between SLC31A1 and KDR (PubMed:35027734). The SLC31A1-KDR complex is then co-internalized to early endosomes, driving a sustained VEGFR2 signaling (PubMed:35027734). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8K211, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q9JK41, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11734551, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16135512, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17525160, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19740744, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20451502, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20569931, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23658018, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26745413, ECO:0000269|PubMed:30489586, ECO:0000269|PubMed:33294387, ECO:0000269|PubMed:35027734}.; [Truncated CTR1 form]: Mobilizes copper(1+) out of the endosomal compartment, making copper(1+) available for export out of the cells. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8K211}.

Matrix Type

  • Tissue/Cells

Gene Symbol

  • SLC31A1

UniProt ID

  • O15431

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