SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily A member 5

Helicase that possesses intrinsic ATP-dependent nucleosome-remodeling activity (PubMed:12972596, PubMed:28801535). Catalytic subunit of ISWI chromatin-remodeling complexes, which form ordered nucleosome arrays on chromatin and facilitate access to DNA during DNA-templated processes such as DNA replication, transcription, and repair; this may require intact histone H4 tails (PubMed:10880450, PubMed:12198550, PubMed:12434153, PubMed:12972596, PubMed:23911928, PubMed:28801535). Within the ISWI chromatin-remodeling complexes, slides edge- and center-positioned histone octamers away from their original location on the DNA template (PubMed:28801535). Catalytic activity and histone octamer sliding propensity is regulated and determined by components of the ISWI chromatin-remodeling complexes (PubMed:28801535). The BAZ1A/ACF1-, BAZ1B/WSTF-, BAZ2A/TIP5- and BAZ2B-containing ISWI chromatin-remodeling complexes regulate the spacing of nucleosomes along the chromatin and have the ability to slide mononucleosomes to the center of a DNA template in an ATP-dependent manner (PubMed:14759371, PubMed:15543136, PubMed:28801535). The CECR2- and RSF1-containing ISWI chromatin-remodeling complexes do not have the ability to slide mononucleosomes to the center of a DNA template (PubMed:28801535). Binds to core histones together with RSF1, and is required for the assembly of regular nucleosome arrays by the RSF-5 ISWI chromatin-remodeling complex (PubMed:12972596). Involved in DNA replication and together with BAZ1A/ACF1 is required for replication of pericentric heterochromatin in S-phase (PubMed:12434153). Probably plays a role in repression of RNA polymerase I dependent transcription of the rDNA locus, through the recruitment of the SIN3/HDAC1 corepressor complex to the rDNA promoter (By similarity). Essential component of the WICH-5 ISWI chromatin-remodeling complex (also called the WICH complex), a chromatin-remodeling complex that mobilizes nucleosomes and reconfigures irregular chromatin to a regular nucleosomal array structure (PubMed:11980720, PubMed:15543136). The WICH-5 ISWI chromatin-remodeling complex regulates the transcription of various genes, has a role in RNA polymerase I transcription (By similarity). Within the B-WICH complex has a role in RNA polymerase III transcription (PubMed:16603771). Mediates the histone H2AX phosphorylation at ‘Tyr-142’, and is involved in the maintenance of chromatin structures during DNA replication processes (By similarity). Essential component of NoRC-5 ISWI chromatin-remodeling complex, a complex that mediates silencing of a fraction of rDNA by recruiting histone-modifying enzymes and DNA methyltransferases, leading to heterochromatin formation and transcriptional silencing (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q91ZW3, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10880450, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11980720, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12198550, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12434153, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12972596, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14759371, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15543136, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16603771, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23911928, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28801535}.

Associated with:

Matrix Type

  • Tissue/Cells

Gene Symbol


UniProt ID

  • O60264

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