Electrogenic Na(+)-coupled sugar symporter that actively transports myo-inositol and its stereoisomer scyllo-inositol across the plasma membrane, with a Na(+) to sugar coupling ratio of 2:1 (By similarity). Maintains myo-inositol concentration gradient that defines cell volume and fluid balance during osmotic stress, in particular in the fetoplacental unit and central nervous system (By similarity). Forms coregulatory complexes with voltage-gated K(+) ion channels, allosterically altering ion selectivity, voltage dependence and gating kinetics of the channel. In turn, K(+) efflux through the channel forms a local electrical gradient that modulates electrogenic Na(+)-coupled myo-inositol influx through the transporter (PubMed:24595108, PubMed:28793216). Associates with KCNQ1-KCNE2 channel in the apical membrane of choroid plexus epithelium and regulates the myo-inositol gradient between blood and cerebrospinal fluid with an impact on neuron excitability (By similarity) (PubMed:24595108). Associates with KCNQ2-KCNQ3 channel altering ion selectivity, increasing Na(+) and Cs(+) permeation relative to K(+) permeation (PubMed:28793216). Provides myo-inositol precursor for biosynthesis of phosphoinositides such as PI(4,5)P2, thus indirectly affecting the activity of phosphoinositide-dependent ion channels and Ca(2+) signaling upon osmotic stress (PubMed:27217553). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P31637, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q9JKZ2, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24595108, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27217553, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28793216}.

    Matrix Type

    • Tissue/Cells

    Gene Symbol

    • SLC5A3

    UniProt ID

    • P53794

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