The heterodimer with SLC3A2 functions as a sodium-independent, high-affinity transporter that mediates uptake of large neutral amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, leucine, histidine, methionine, tryptophan, valine, isoleucine and alanine (PubMed:10049700, PubMed:10574970, PubMed:11557028, PubMed:11564694, PubMed:12117417, PubMed:12225859, PubMed:15769744, PubMed:18262359, PubMed:25998567, PubMed:30867591, PubMed:9751058). The heterodimer with SLC3A2 mediates the uptake of L-DOPA (By similarity). Functions as an amino acid exchanger (PubMed:11557028, PubMed:12117417, PubMed:12225859, PubMed:30867591). May play a role in the transport of L-DOPA across the blood-brain barrier (By similarity). May act as the major transporter of tyrosine in fibroblasts (Probable). May mediate blood-to-retina L-leucine transport across the inner blood-retinal barrier (By similarity). Can mediate the transport of thyroid hormones diiodothyronine (T2), triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) across the cell membrane (PubMed:11564694). When associated with LAPTM4B, the heterodimer formed by SLC3A2 and SLC7A5 is recruited to lysosomes to promote leucine uptake into these organelles, and thereby mediates mTORC1 activation (PubMed:25998567). Involved in the uptake of toxic methylmercury (MeHg) when administered as the L-cysteine or D,L-homocysteine complexes (PubMed:12117417). Involved in the cellular activity of small molecular weight nitrosothiols, via the stereoselective transport of L-nitrosocysteine (L-CNSO) across the membrane (PubMed:15769744). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q63016, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q9Z127, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10049700, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10574970, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11557028, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11564694, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12117417, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12225859, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15769744, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18262359, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25998567, ECO:0000269|PubMed:30867591, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9751058, ECO:0000305|PubMed:18262359}.; (Microbial infection) In case of hepatitis C virus/HCV infection, the complex formed by SLC3A2 and SLC7A5/LAT1 plays a role in HCV propagation by facilitating viral entry into host cell and increasing L-leucine uptake-mediated mTORC1 signaling activation, thereby contributing to HCV-mediated pathogenesis. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:30341327}.

Matrix Type

  • Tissue/Cells

Gene Symbol

  • SLC7A5

UniProt ID

  • Q01650

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