Acts as a chaperone that facilitates biogenesis and trafficking of functional transporters heterodimers to the plasma membrane. Forms heterodimer with SLC7 family transporters (SLC7A5, SLC7A6, SLC7A7, SLC7A8, SLC7A10 and SLC7A11), a group of amino-acid antiporters (PubMed:10574970, PubMed:10903140, PubMed:11557028, PubMed:30867591, PubMed:33298890, PubMed:33758168, PubMed:34880232, PubMed:9751058, PubMed:9829974, PubMed:9878049). Heterodimers function as amino acids exchangers, the specificity of the substrate depending on the SLC7A subunit. Heterodimers SLC3A2/SLC7A6 or SLC3A2/SLC7A7 mediate the uptake of dibasic amino acids (PubMed:10903140, PubMed:9829974). Heterodimer SLC3A2/SLC7A11 functions as an antiporter by mediating the exchange of extracellular anionic L-cystine and intracellular L-glutamate across the cellular plasma membrane (PubMed:34880232). SLC3A2/SLC7A10 translocates small neutral L- and D-amino acids across the plasma membrane (By similarity). SLC3A2/SLC75 or SLC3A2/SLC7A8 translocates neutral amino acids with broad specificity, thyroid hormones and L-DOPA (PubMed:10574970, PubMed:11389679, PubMed:11557028, PubMed:11564694, PubMed:11742812, PubMed:12117417, PubMed:12225859, PubMed:12716892, PubMed:15980244, PubMed:30867591, PubMed:33298890, PubMed:33758168). SLC3A2 is essential for plasma membrane localization, stability, and the transport activity of SLC7A5 and SLC7A8 (PubMed:10391915, PubMed:10574970, PubMed:11311135, PubMed:15769744, PubMed:33066406). When associated with LAPTM4B, the heterodimer SLC7A5 is recruited to lysosomes to promote leucine uptake into these organelles, and thereby mediates mTORC1 activation (PubMed:25998567). Modulates integrin-related signaling and is essential for integrin-dependent cell spreading, migration and tumor progression (PubMed:11121428, PubMed:15625115). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63115, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10391915, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10574970, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10903140, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11121428, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11311135, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11389679, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11557028, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11564694, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11742812, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12117417, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12225859, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12716892, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15625115, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15769744, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15980244, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25998567, ECO:0000269|PubMed:30867591, ECO:0000269|PubMed:33066406, ECO:0000269|PubMed:33298890, ECO:0000269|PubMed:33758168, ECO:0000269|PubMed:34880232, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9751058, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9829974, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9878049}.; (Microbial infection) In case of hepatitis C virus/HCV infection, the complex formed by SLC3A2 and SLC7A5/LAT1 plays a role in HCV propagation by facilitating viral entry into host cell and increasing L-leucine uptake-mediated mTORC1 signaling activation, thereby contributing to HCV-mediated pathogenesis. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:30341327}.; (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax (Thai isolate) in immature red blood cells. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:34294905}.

Matrix Type

  • Plasma
  • Tissue/Cells

Gene Symbol

  • SLC3A2

UniProt ID

  • P08195

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