Catalyzes the conversion of 3′-phosphate to a 2′,3′-cyclic phosphodiester at the end of RNA (PubMed:9184239). The mechanism of action of the enzyme occurs in 3 steps: (A) adenylation of the enzyme by ATP; (B) transfer of adenylate to an RNA-N3’P to produce RNA-N3’PP5’A; (C) and attack of the adjacent 2′-hydroxyl on the 3′-phosphorus in the diester linkage to produce the cyclic end product (PubMed:9184239). Likely functions in some aspects of cellular RNA processing (PubMed:25961792, PubMed:9184239). Function plays an important role in regulating axon regeneration by inhibiting central nervous system (CNS) axon regeneration following optic nerve injury (PubMed:25961792).

    Matrix Type

    • Plasma
    • Tissue/Cells

    Gene Symbol

    • RTCA

    UniProt ID

    • O00442

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