Histone methyltransferase that catalyzes methyl group transfer from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to the epsilon-amino group of ‘Lys-4’ of histone H3 (H3K4) via a non-processive mechanism (PubMed:12670868, PubMed:25561738). Part of chromatin remodeling machinery, forms H3K4me1, H3K4me2 and H3K4me3 methylation marks at active chromatin sites where transcription and DNA repair take place (PubMed:29937342, PubMed:31197650, PubMed:32346159). Responsible for H3K4me3 enriched promoters and transcriptional programming of inner mass stem cells and neuron progenitors during embryogenesis (By similarity) (PubMed:31197650). Required for H3K4me1 mark at stalled replication forks. Mediates FANCD2-dependent nucleosome remodeling and RAD51 nucleofilaments stabilization at reversed forks, protecting them from nucleolytic degradation (PubMed:29937342, PubMed:32346159). Does not methylate ‘Lys-4’ of histone H3 if the neighboring ‘Lys-9’ residue is already methylated (PubMed:12670868). Binds RNAs involved in RNA processing and the DNA damage response (PubMed:38003223). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:E9PYH6, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12670868, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25561738, ECO:0000269|PubMed:29937342, ECO:0000269|PubMed:31197650, ECO:0000269|PubMed:32346159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:38003223}.

    Matrix Type

    • Tissue/Cells

    Gene Symbol

    • SETD1A

    UniProt ID

    • O15047
    Off-the-shelf

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